Diabetes is a disease in which your body cannot properly store and use fuel for energy. The fuel that your body needs is called glucose, a form of sugar. Glucose comes from foods such as breads, cereals, pasta, rice, potatoes, fruits and some vegetables. To use glucose, your body needs insulin. Insulin is made by a gland in your body called the pancreas.
There are two major types of diabetes: type 1, and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is when the body makes little or no insulin. It used to be called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. This requires daily injections of insulin
Type 2 diabetes: occurs when your body canít use the insulin it makes. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may be able to keep your blood glucose levels in a target range by healthy eating, exercising, and taking medication
There are 2 types of diabetic emergencies:
Hyperglycemia (insulin shock): this is where there is too much sugar in the blood, and not enough insulin. It can occur by not taking medication and/or by eating things high in glucose
Hypoglycemia (diabetic coma): in this case there is not enough sugar and too much insulin. This can occur if too much insulin is taken or not enough glucose has been consumed
Causes of hyperglycemia:
Eating food high in simple sugars
Not taking medication (insulin)
Causes of hyperglycemia:
Not eating at the right times (missing a meal)
Being over active without having planned for it
Taking too much medication
Dizziness, drowsiness, and confusion
Feeling and looking ill
Help the person take a bit of sugar (candy, juice, fruit, etc), however, nutrasweet or aspertene is not effective
Monitor their condition and do not hesitate to call an ambulance if their condition does not improve within a couple of minutes
Do NOT administer medication, this is reserved for medical professionals only
There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Type 2 can be prevented by exercising regularly, staying at the proper weight, and eating a healthy diet.
Diabetes is a life-long condition. High blood glucose levels over a long period of time can cause blindness, heart disease, kidney problems, amputations, nerve damage, and erectile dysfunction. Good diabetes care and management can delay or prevent the onset of these complications
There is also a 3rd type of diabetes, called gestational diabetes. It occurs to some women during pregnancy. It usually goes away after birth, but it may increase the risk of future diabetes in the mother