This is where the blood vessels and the skin are cut and blood is escaping the body.
Damage to the skin caused by trauma. Can be a laceration (clean cut), abrasion, or avulsion (with skin still hanging).
If itís a minor bleed allow some bleeding to take place as this will help clean the wound. Then wash with warm water and soap, apply a dressing to keep it clean, change the dressing every few hours, and monitor for signs of infection.
If the bleeding is severe than apply the RED principle:
- Rest: make sure the person is resting so as to decrease the heart rate and blood pressure
- Elevate: raise the injured limb above the heart to slow down the bleeding
- Direct Pressure: put pressure directly over the wound to help control bleeding, tie the dressing in place. But, do not make the dressing too tight so as to restrict blood flow. Do not remove the dressing. Get medical help
- If there is an impailed object do not remove it. Apply dressing around the object to control bleeding and seek medical help